Have you ever wondered where does the Royal Family actually live? From Buckingham Palace to Windsor Castle, we curated a list for you. Here’s a complete guide to the British Monarchy’s Estates.
Written by Ayushi Balani | Updated on May 15, 2023 | 10:48 PM IST | 79.4K
All you need to know about the British Monarchy’s Estates
On May 6th, 2023, the coronation ceremony of His Majesty, King Charles III took place at Westminster Abbey, London, by the Archbishop of Canterbury. King Charles III was crowned alongside The Queen Consort Camilla aka Camilla Parker Bowles, The lavish coronation reflected the monarch’s role after the death of his mother Queen Elizabeth II. While the details of the coronation were everywhere, what happened after the coronation? Most importantly where does the King live? Also, how many estates does the royal family hold? Not just that, we are here to answer all your questions about the British Monarchy’s Estates.
Right from answers to questions like, who lives at Buckingham Palace to the clarity on who moved into Harry and Meghan's house after they left, scroll on for everything you must know about the royals' residences aka the British Monarchy estate.
Buckingham Palace to Windsor Castle: All About British Monarchy’s Estates
1. Buckingham Palace
Place of establishment: London
Royal residence: Currently, no royal resides there; formerly, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip
The mighty Buckingham Palace has been the official royal residence in London since 1837. Today, the palace serves as the administrative headquarters along with the venue for various royal events and receptions. The palace has 775 rooms which include, 19 Staterooms, 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, and 78 bathrooms. Out of these rooms, only the State Rooms of Buckingham Palace are open to visitors during the summer. The last royal to reside at the Palace was Queen Elizabeth II however she moved to Windsor Castle during the pandemic. Although King Charles III, was born in Buckingham, he has no immediate plans to reside there.
2. Clarence House
Place of establishment: London
Royal residence: King Charles III and Queen Consort Camilla
Instead of Buckingham Palace the royal family actually resides at the Clarence House. Although the royal estate is not as talked about as Buckingham Palace, here is where you are most likely to find King Charles III and Queen Consort Camilla. The royal couple moved to the Clarence House in August 2003. Clarence House is also famous for beingthe former residence of Queen Elizabeth II. This Royal estate is also open to the public during the summer for a guided tour of a few selected rooms.
3. Windsor Castle
Place of establishment: Windsor, Berkshire
Royal residence: Currently, no royal resides there; formerly, Queen Elizabeth II.
Windsor Castle is the royal residence that accommodated Queen Elizabeth II during her conclusive years which also includes the severe COVID lockdowns. The 484,000 square feet of Windsor Castle holds a total of 1,000 rooms which was intended to be a royal venue for celebrations instead of actually residing. The castle was the venue for Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's wedding in 2018. In fact, Windsor’s St. George Chapel at the castle is the burial ground for Queen Elizabeth II, her husband Prince Philip, and several other senior royals.
4. Balmoral Castle
Place of establishment: Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Royal residence: Currently, no royal resides there. It was considered Queen Elizabeth II’s former summer residence. Queen Elizabeth II always cherished her visits to Scotland and in fact, the late majesty visited Scotland every summer and enjoyed her stay at the Balmoral Castle. Her itinerary included picnics, horse riding, and a number of fun activities with her family. Historically, in 1852, Prince Albert gifted Balmoral Castle to his wife, Queen Victoria.
5. Highgrove House
Place of establishment: Gloucestershire, in southwest England
Royal residence: King Charles III and Queen Consort Camilla (when on holiday)
Another royal residence that serves as a vacation house for King Charles III and Queen Consort Camilla is the Highgrove House. The royal estate belongs to King Charles’s son Prince William. The royal estate in England has nine magnificent bedrooms, four reception rooms, and a huge nursery wing that is extended over three floors. The house has splendid surroundings which is actually the main attraction of the house.
6. Sandringham House
Place of establishment: Norfolk, in eastern England
Royal residence: King Charles III and Queen Consort Camilla (when on vacation)
Sandringham is another royal estate that serves as King Charles III and Queen Consort Camilla’s country mansion. The estate is merely three-hour away from London and has been one of the British belongings since 1862. The house is an inheritance from Queen Elizabeth II to King Charles III. In January 2020, the house was in the limelight when the senior royals assembled for the “Sandringham Summit,” which included the royal meetings on Harry and Meghan’s decision part from the royal family.
7. Adelaide Cottage
Place of establishment: Windsor, Berkshire
Royal residence: Prince William, Princess Kate, along with their children
Well, the royal family is so much bigger than just King Charles and Queen Consort Camilla. So where do the Prince and Princess of Wales live? The royal pair along with their children Prince George, Princess Charlotte, and Prince Louis currently reside in Adelaide Cottage.
8. Kensington Palace Southern Facade, London, England
Place of establishment: London
Royal residence: Prince William, and Princess Kate, along with their children (when in London)
Apart from the Adelaide Cottage, the newly named Prince and Princess of Wales also have other royal residences which include Apartment 1 inside Kensington Palace. The palace has 20 rooms along with a huge walled grassland for extra privacy. In 2013, the palace underwent extensive renovations that cost around $5.5 million. Moreover, Kate and William were the first ever royals to introduce an additional kitchen more suited for their private needs apart from the professional team of chefs.
9. Anmer Hall
Place of establishment: Sandringham, Norfolk
Royal residence: Prince William, Princess Kate, and their children (during holidays)
When it comes to holiday homes Prince William, Princess Kate, and their children visit the Anmer Hall in Sandringham, Norfolk during the school holidays. The estate located is at the Sandringham estate in Norfolk. It was a generous wedding gift to the royal couple by Queen Elizabeth II in 2011. Built in 1802 the house is reported to have 10 bedrooms, a swimming pool along with a private tennis court.
10. Frogmore Cottage
Place of establishment: Windsor, Berkshire
Royal residence: Currently, no royal resides there; formerly, Prince Harry and Duchess Meghan
Before stepping down from their roles as senior members of the royal family, Prince Harry, and Duchess Meghan resided at the Frogmore Cottage in Windsor, Berkshire. Currently, no royal resides at the 10-bedroom royal abode. Historically, the crown-owned estate was built in 1801, for Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III, which was later given away as a wedding gift to Prince Harry and Meghan Markle by the Queen in 2018.
11. Royal Lodge
Place of establishment: Windsor, Berkshire
Royal residence: Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York
The Royal Lodge at Windsor, Berkshire is another estate owned by the crown where Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York reside since 2004. This Windsor home was Formerly resided by the Queen Mother. The Royal Lodge is a magnificent royal estate with 30 rooms, an enormous formal room along with a saloon. The Royal Lodge was the venue for Princess Eugenie’s wedding.
12. Bagshot Park
Place of establishment: Windsor, Berkshire
Royal residence: The Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Edward, Sophie Wessex, and their two children
The Bagshot Park is another crown-owned estate that belongs to Queen Elizabeth II’s youngest son, Prince Edward, The Duke of Edinburgh along with his wife Sophie Wessex, and their two children. The royal couple has been living in the royal estate since 1999. It is reported that at first Prince Edward rented the mansion from the crown but now the lease of the estate is extended for 150 years which means they can pass on the property to their children Louise Mountbatten-Windsor and James Mountbatten-Windsor.
13. Gatcombe Park
Place of establishment: Gloucestershire, in Southwest England
Royal residence: Princess Anne and Zara and Mike Tindall
Gatcombe Park is a royal establishment in Gloucestershire, in Southwest England currently resided by Princess Anne, Zara Tindall, and Mike Tindall along with their kids Mia and Lena. While it is not as talked about as Buckingham Palace, it was bought by Queen Elizabeth II in 1976 for her daughter, Anne as a wedding present.
14. St. James’s Palace
Place of establishment: London
Royal residence: Princess Anne (when in London)
When Princess Anne visits London she stays at the St. James’s Palace. The crown-owned estate was the main residence of Britain’s royals for centuries before 1837 when Queen Victoria first moved her residence to Buckingham Palace in 1837.
15. Nottingham Cottage
Place of establishment: Kensington Palace, London
Royal residence: Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank
Nottingham Cottage is another less talked about crown-owned property in London where Princess Eugenie currently resides along with her husband, Jack Brooksbank, and their son, August. The cottage is on Kensington Palace’s grounds and is also called Nott Cott.The two-bedroom adorable royal home was bought in back 1689 by King William III and Queen Mary.
The above-listed British Monarchy’s Estates are some of the oldest and most magnificent royal estates in the UK. While some of them are open to visitors, others are actually abodes to the royal family. Whether it is Buckingham Palace or the Clarence House, these crown-owned estates are recognized all across the world as the testimony of royal history.
ALSO READ:King Charles’ Coronation at Buckingham Palace: Complete list of royals who will make an appearance
Where does The Royal Family reside? Here’s all you need to know about the British Monarchy’s Estates? ›
It has been the official residence of the United Kingdom's monarchs since 1837, after all, and it is impressive. Part of the Crown Estate, the palace has five floors and 775 rooms—including 19 state rooms, 52 royal and guest bedrooms, 92 offices and a surgical room—as well as 40 acres of gardens.Where does the Royal Family reside? ›
Although in use for the many official events and receptions held by The King, the State Rooms at Buckingham Palace are open to visitors every summer. Buckingham Palace has 775 rooms. These include 19 State rooms, 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms.What real estate does the Royal Family own? ›
Places like Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle are owned by the monarch of the moment because of their position as king or queen, while other properties, like Balmoral and Sandringham House, are personally owned and not publicly funded.Who owns the Buckingham Palace? ›
The palace, like Windsor Castle, is owned by the reigning monarch in right of the Crown. Occupied royal palaces are not part of the Crown Estate, nor are they the monarch's personal property, unlike Sandringham House and Balmoral Castle.Who lives in Buckingham Palace 2023? ›
Since Queen Elizabeth's death, King Charles will now inherit Buckingham Palace.How many estates do the royal family own? ›
From a 50,000-acre estate in Norfolk, England to a miniature Berkshire Wendy house, these are the 30 regal estates that the royal family has called home.Who owns the Crown Estate? ›
The Crown Estate is not the private property of the King. Our assets are hereditary possessions of the Sovereign held 'in right of the Crown'. This means they belong to the Sovereign for the duration of their reign, but cannot be sold by them, nor do revenues from the assets belong to them.Does the Royal Family own property in America? ›
8 at the age of 96 at Balmoral Castle in Scotland, one of several royal residences spread throughout the United Kingdom. But across the pond, the Queen left behind a property portfolio more befitting of American royalty: dozens of luxury residences dotting some of Manhattan's most affluent neighborhoods.What real estate does Queen Elizabeth own? ›
The Crown Estate is the property of the sitting king or queen. Its holdings are vast, including, but not limited to Windsor Castle; the seabed around England, Wales and Northern Ireland; rural and coastal holdings and 10 million square feet of mixed-use property in London's West End.How many homes does the Royal Family of England own? ›
The King has three official residences: Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle and the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh. These magnificent buildings are not only homes of the Royal Family but also where the King undertakes official work as Head of State.
Is there a house bigger than Buckingham Palace? ›
Hamilton Palace, in the countryside of East Sussex, is bigger than Buckingham Palace but has left people wondering what could have been as it now resembles a scene from a horror movie.Who actually owns the crown jewels? ›
'Who owns the Crown Jewels?'
The Crown Jewels are held in trust by the king or queen for the nation. They are passed to the next monarch on their accession (when they become king or queen).
Buckingham Palace is a massive royal residence with a total of 775 rooms, including 19 State Rooms, 52 bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, and 78 bathrooms. The White House has 132 rooms, including including 16 family and guest rooms, three kitchens, and 35 bathrooms.What does the Royal Family do all day? ›
Generally, every royal supports charities, appears at events, and occasionally travels the globe to strengthen diplomatic relationships. But some royals also have day jobs, and others have long military careers.Who has apartments at Buckingham Palace? ›
Buckingham Palace also has suites of rooms made into private apartments for other royals, today there are apartments for The Earl and Countess of Wessex, as well as the distinctly titled 'Bobo MacDonald Suite' named after Margaret (Bobo) MacDonald, Queen Elizabeth's nanny and dresser.How far apart is Windsor Castle from Buckingham Palace? ›
Windsor Castle is just 20 miles west of Buckingham Palace, and it is the largest (and longest occupied) castle in Europe.Who is the richest royal family in the world? ›
The Royal Family of Saudi Arabia
The royal family of Saudi Arabia is the House of Saud and is undoubtedly the wealthiest royal family in the world. The royal family has been ruling the country since 1744 and is worth $1.4 trillion.
This property is Frogmore House, which has been a royal residence since 1792 when it was bought by George III's wife Charlotte, but it is currently unoccupied. The late Queen and now the King have never chosen to live there because when in Windsor they stay at their own castle.What is the biggest royal family home? ›
A Royal home and fortress for over 900 years, Windsor Castle, the largest occupied castle in the world, remains a working palace today.Is Mcdonalds owned by The Crown Estate? ›
Believe it or not, the Queen owns a McDonald's! According to Business Insider, the Queen's McDonald's restaurant is located at the Banbury Gateway Shopping Park in Oxfordshire, about 80 miles from her home at Buckingham Palace.
How much does the royal family cost the taxpayer? ›
Much of the royal family's expenses are covered by an annual taxpayer-funded payment known as the Sovereign Grant, which in the 2021-2022 financial year was set at 86.3 million pounds ($108m) – roughly 1.29 pounds ($1.61) for every person in the UK.What happens to The Crown Estate if the monarchy is abolished? ›
The Crown Estate belongs to the Crown, ie the state. It's income will not be lost when we get rid of the monarchy. It is not and never was the private property of the Windsor family. That means we can't count its income as a benefit of the monarchy.How much is Queen Elizabeth's crown worth in US dollars? ›
Today, jewelry experts estimate the crown is worth a stunning $3.4 to $5.7 billion.Which member of the royal family lives in the US? ›
Prince Achileas-Andreas of Greece and Denmark (born 2000) born in New York, New York, USA; member of the Greek royal family and the House of Glücksburg. Maud Elizabeth Daphne Marina Windsor (born 2013) born in Los Angeles, California, USA; granddaughter of Prince Michael of Kent and member of the House of Windsor.Who finances the British royal family? ›
There are three sources of funding for The Queen, or officials of the Royal Household acting on Her Majesty's behalf, in both a public and private capacity. These are: the Sovereign Grant, the Privy Purse and The Queen's personal wealth and income.How many homes does Elizabeth have? ›
With the news that Queen Elizabeth passed away today at her beloved Scottish estate, Balmoral, we're republishing this story about her six homes. The Queen has home for just about every occasion (Balmoral for the summer, Sandringham for Christmas...).Does Queen Elizabeth own land in Canada? ›
The Crown land is really public land
While Queen Elizabeth is mainly a legal figurehead in Canada, the vast majority of Crown Land in Canada is owned by the Crown as an institution. About half of the land is administered by the provincial governments and the rest by the federal government.
Balmoral Castle, in Aberdeenshire, is the royal family's go to holiday home, and the late Queen Elizabeth's much-loved personal residence in Scotland that's open to visitors in the summer.What percentage of Britain does the Royal Family own? ›
He calculates that the land under the ownership of the royal family amounts to 1.4% of England. This includes the Crown Estate, the Queen's personal estate at Sandringham, Norfolk, and the Duchies of Cornwall and Lancaster, which provide income to members of the family.Who owns the most houses in England? ›
The top landowners include Queen Elizabeth, the Crown Estate and Hugh Grosvenor 7th Duke of Westminster.
Who owns Frogmore House? ›
Who owns Frogmore Cottage? The Crown Estate is the official owner of the home in the castle that remains a private royal residence. Ownership is passed from monarch to monarch so King Charles ultimately has control of the home.What is the largest royal palace in the world? ›
According to the Guinness World Records, Forbidden City holds the "largest palace in the world". The Istana Nurul Iman, with 2,152,782 square feet (200,000 m2) of floorspace, holds the title as the "world's largest residential palace" held in Brunei.What is the biggest house after Buckingham Palace? ›
Witanhurst is a large Grade II listed 1930s Georgian Revival mansion on 5 acres (2.0 ha) in Highgate, North London. It has had several prominent owners since being rebuilt by soap magnate Sir Arthur Crosfield.Is Buckingham Palace the most expensive home in the world? ›
The most expensive house in the world and the world's biggest house is Buckingham Palace, owned by the King Charles III, in right of the British Crown with an estimated value of $4.9 billion. Check out our guide to the world's most expensive houses to see other fancy houses and luxury mansions.Who will inherit the Queen's engagement ring? ›
It is likely that these jewels will be passed down to members of the Windsor family and if the Queen follows tradition, she will leave the majority of them to the next monarch, which in this case is King Charles III.Will Harry inherit from the Queen? ›
So what will Prince Harry inherit from Queen Elizabeth? Representatives told Forbes in 2021 that Harry was not a beneficiary of any of the $100 million left to the royal family by his great-grandmother, the Queen Mother.What happens to the Queen's jewels when she dies? ›
They stay safeguarded at the Tower of London in safekeeping for the nation, and when one monarch dies, the crown jewels are immediately passed to their heir.” So the Queen's former crown, sceptre and orb now belong to her son, King Charles III.Is there a swimming pool in Buckingham Palace? ›
One of Buckingham Palace's 775 rooms contains a swimming pool, which has been dubbed the “Goddess of the Sea.” Descendants of the monarchy from Prince Charles to Prince George have reportedly learned how to swim in the pool.Is the White House bigger than Biltmore? ›
The Biltmore is called the “grandest private home in America,” but even that doesn't do it justice. At 178,926 square feet, the Gilded Age estate dwarfs the White House by a factor of three and puts Hearst Castle (at 70,000 square feet) to shame.Does Buckingham Palace have central heating? ›
At Buckingham Palace, heating and hot water is produced by the Combined Heat and Power plant and boilers, with flat plate heat exchangers increasing the efficiency of heat transfer.
What does the Queen eat for dinner? ›
The queen's preference for game meats even extended to more casual meals; she was, reportedly, a big fan of hamburgers made with ground venison. She usually skipped any potatoes, pastas or grains at her evening repast, but almost always had room for dessert.What did the Queen eat daily? ›
Simple cooked meat and vegetables lead the way, with space for pheasant or venison should the Queen wish. Of course, Queen Elizabeth loved a Sunday roast just as much as anyone else. Along with chocolate, the Queen enjoyed some strawberries or peaches for dessert.Do William and Kate have servants? ›
Despite not being King and Queen juuuuust yet, Kate and William have a huge staff thanks to their position as senior working royals—though unlike King Charles, their aides are not "men in gray" (the nickname given to the power players pulling the strings at The Firm).Who lives full time in Buckingham Palace? ›
The palace's private quarters have been Queen Elizabeth II's formal residence since 1936 when her father took the throne and is speculated to be the new home of King Charles III and his Queen Consort.
Inside Buckingham Palace: A Home To A Small Army Of Staff
It's no secret that the palace has plenty of bedrooms for live-in staff, but there are a few restrictions on living and working there. The Queen has over 1,000 staff members, many of whom live on-site, where their meals are free, according to Forbes.
Although in use for the many official events and receptions held by The King, the State Rooms at Buckingham Palace are open to visitors every summer. Buckingham Palace has 775 rooms. These include 19 State rooms, 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms.Does the Queen prefer Windsor Castle to Buckingham Palace? ›
Britain's Queen Picks Windsor Castle Over Buckingham Palace As Permanent Home. According to 'The Sunday Times', she now prefers it as her permanent home and main official residence as opposed to the palace in central London – which was her home for most of her 70-year reign.Which is more important Windsor Castle or Buckingham Palace? ›
Buckingham Palace is the Queen's official and main royal London home, although the Queen regularly spends time at Windsor Castle and Balmoral in Scotland. Windsor Castle is an official residence of The Queen and the largest occupied castle in the world. The castle was the inspiration for the Royal family's surname.Who pays for Windsor Castle? ›
6. Royal Palaces. The Occupied Royal Palaces are held in trust for the nation by The King as Sovereign. Their maintenance and upkeep is one of the expenses met by the government in return for the surrender by the Sovereign of the hereditary revenues of the Crown (mainly the profit from The Crown Estate).What happens if King Charles passes away? ›
Who is next in line of succession? Following the death of King Charles, his oldest son William, Prince of Wales will become monarch, assuming the title of King William, and his wife Kate Middleton, Princess of Wales will become Queen Catherine.
Who currently lives at Frogmore Cottage? ›
Ownership of Frogmore Cottage is passed from monarch to monarch. Since 2019, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex have used Frogmore Cottage as their official home base while in the UK.Does the royal family own property in America? ›
8 at the age of 96 at Balmoral Castle in Scotland, one of several royal residences spread throughout the United Kingdom. But across the pond, the Queen left behind a property portfolio more befitting of American royalty: dozens of luxury residences dotting some of Manhattan's most affluent neighborhoods.Which royal married an American woman? ›
In France, the duke of Windsor—formerly King Edward VIII of Great Britain and Northern Ireland—marries Wallis Warfield, a divorced American socialite for whom he abdicated the British throne in December 1936.Has a royal ever married an American? ›
The last time this happened — in 1936 when King Edward VIII decided to wed American socialite Wallis Simpson — it triggered a crisis inside Windsor Castle. For one thing, Simpson was about to divorce for the second time. Also, she was from Baltimore.Will Kate stay queen if William dies? ›
The last person to hold the title Queen Consort was the current queen's mother. When her husband King George VI died in 1952 she was officially re-styled Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. If William dies before Kate and their son Prince George becomes king, Kate will then become the Queen Mother.Will Camilla stay queen if Charles dies? ›
Will Camilla become the reigning queen if Charles dies? And, even more notably, there is no chance of Camilla ever becoming the reigning queen. Only members of the royal family who are born in the direct line of succession to the British throne (i.e. children of a reigning king or queen) can ever become monarch.What will Kate's title be when William is King? ›
William has ostensibly been training to become King for his entire life, but what will Kate's role be once William ascends to the throne? As the wife of a reigning monarch, she will become what's known as the Queen consort.Do Harry and Meghan still own Frogmore? ›
Prince Harry and Meghan refurbished the property, owned by the Crown Estate, at an estimated cost of £2.4m in 2018-19. The cost was initially covered by taxpayers through the Sovereign Grant before being repaid in full by the duke.How many bedrooms are in the Frogmore Cottage? ›
The building is Grade-II-listed and has ten bedrooms, but was for some time used as accommodation for palace staff. Renovations of the cottage took months and included some very modern and unexpected changes.Who actually owns Frogmore House? ›
Who owns Frogmore Cottage? The Crown Estate is the official owner of the home in the castle that remains a private royal residence. Ownership is passed from monarch to monarch so King Charles ultimately has control of the home.
How much did Harry inherit from the Queen? ›
Representatives told Forbes in 2021 that Harry was not a beneficiary of any of the $100 million left to the royal family by his great-grandmother, the Queen Mother. It's unclear if Harry was left any money from his grandmother the late Queen Elizabeth II, whose will is expected to stay sealed for at least 90 years.Who inherited Balmoral? ›
Though official royal residences like Windsor Castle and Buckingham Palace are owned by the Crown Estate—which is funded by British taxpayers—Balmoral was Elizabeth's personal property, inherited through her family. Her only other privately owned residence is Sandringham, located in Norfolk, England.Who will own Balmoral Castle now? ›
The architect was William Smith of Aberdeen, and his designs were amended by Prince Albert. Balmoral remains the private property of the monarch and is not part of the Crown Estate.